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All references linking terms to concepts in this project (596)

This list is comprised of those references that have been explicitly tied to both a term and a concept therefor linking the two.

Adler, H. 1877. Lege-Apparat und Eierlegen der Gallwespen. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 21:305-322.

Alam , S. M. 1952. Studies on 'skeleto-muscular mechanism' of the male genitalia in Stenobracon deesae Cam . Beiträge zur Entomologie 2:620-634.

Alam, S. M. 1951. The skeleto-muscular mechanism of Stenobracon deesae Cameron (Braconidae, Hymenoptera) - An ectoparasite of sugarcane and juar borers of India Part I Head and thorax. Aligarh Muslim University Publications (Zoological Series) on Indian Insect Types 3:1-174.

Albertson, G. W. 1921. A comparative study of the mouth parts of Vespa maculata Linn. (worker), ~ meIlifica Linn. (worker), Andrena pem1exa Smith (female) and Macremphytes varinas Norton (female). Contrib. BioI. Lab. Catholic Univ. Amer., Washington, D. C.

Alencar, I. D. C. C., and C. O. Azevedo. 2011. Review of Neurepyris Kieffer, 1905 (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae), a new synonym of Pristocera Klug, 1808. European Journal of Taxonomy 4:1-12.

Alencar, I. D. C. C., and C. O. Azevedo. 2011. Revision of Malagasy Odontepyris Kieffer (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae). Zootaxa 2935:26-40.

Alencar, I. D. C. C., and C. O. Azevedo. 2013. Reclassification of Epyrini (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae): a tribal approach with commentary on their genera. Systematic Entomology 38:45-80.

Alexander, B. A. 1992. An exploratory analysis of cladistic relationships within the superfamily Apoidea, with special reference to sphecid wasps (Hymenoptera). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 1:25-61.

André, E. 1879. Species des Hymenopteres d'Europe et d'Algerie., 1012 pp.

Arnold, G. 1951. Sphecidae and Pompilidae (Hymenoptera) collected by Mr K M Guichard in West Africa and Ethiopia 1941-48. Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History, Entomology 2:95-183.

Arora, G. L. 1956. The relationship of the Symphyta (Hymenoptera) to other orders of insects on the basis of adult external morphology. Research Bulletin of the East Punjab University (Zoology) 90:85-119.

Ashmead, W. H. 1893. A monograph of the North American Proctotrypidae. Bulletin of the United States National Museum 45:1-472.

Ashmead, W. H. 1900. Notes on some New Zealand and Australian parasitic Hymenoptera, with description of new genera and new species. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 3:327-360.

Ashmead, W. H. 1903. Classification of the fossorial, predaceous and parasitic wasps or the superfamily vespoidea. The Canadian Entomologist 35:39-44.

Audouin, M. 1821. Observationes sur organes copulateures mâles des Bourdons Rapport lit par Latreille en lundi 9 avril . Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 8:285-289.

Audouin, V. 1824. Recherches anatomiques sur le thorax des animaux articulés et celui des insectes hexapodes en particulier. Annales de la Science Naturelles et Zoologiques 1:97-135-416-432.

Austin, A. 1983. Morphology and mechanics of the ovipositor system of Ceratobaeus Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) and related genera. International Journal of Insect Morphology and Embryology 12:139-155.

Austin, A. D., and S. A. Field. 1997. The ovipositor system of the scelionid and platygastrid wasps (Hymenoptera: Platygastroidea): comparative morphology and phylogenetic implications,. Invertebrate Taxonomy 11:1-87.

Azevedo, C. O. 1999. A key to world species of Scolebythidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea), with description of a new species of Dominibythus from Brazil. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 8:1-5.

Azevedo, C. O. 1999. Additions to the Neotropical Epyrinae (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae), with description of a new species of Lepidosternopsis from Brazil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia 87:11-18.

Azevedo, C. O. 1999. Revision of the Neotropical Dissomphalus Ashmead, 1893 (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae) with median tergal process. Arquivos de Zoologia do Estado de São Paulo 35:301-394.

Azevedo, C. O. 2001. Systematics of the Neotropical Dissomphalus Ashmead (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae) of the bicavatus group. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 45:173-205.

Azevedo, C. O. 2008. Characterization of the types of the Neotropical Pseudisobrachium (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae), with a key to species. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 25:737-801.

Azevedo, C. O. 2014. Revision of Trichiscus Benoît, 1956 (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae). Zootaxa 3802:318-334.

Azevedo, C. O. 2014. Synopsis of Bakeriella Kieffer, 1910 (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae). Zootaxa 3878:501-535.

Balhoff, J. P. 2011. Ontology Curator..

Balhoff, J., I. Mikó, M. J. Yoder, P. Mullins, and A. R. Deans. 2013. A semantic model for species description, applied to the ensign wasps (Hymenoptera: Evaniidae) of New Caledonia. Systematic Biology in press.

Baltazar, C. R. 1963. A new genus and nine new species of Philippine Braconidae (Hymenoptera). Pacific Insects 5:577-589.

Barbosa, D. N., and C. O. Azevedo. 2009. Laelius Ashmead (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae) from Madagascar, with description of two new species. Zootaxa 2170:1-14.

Barbosa, D. N., and C. O. Azevedo. 2011. Phylogeny and reclassifi cation of Laelius (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae) and description of four new species. Insect Systematics and Evolution 42:237-275.

Bartlet, E., R. Romani, I. Williams , and N. Isidoro. 1999. Functional anatomy of sensory structures on the antennae of Psylliodes chrysocephala L (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). International Journal of Insect Morphology and Embryology 28:291-300.

Basibuyuk, H. H., and D. L. J. Quicke. 1995. Morphology of the antenna cleaner in the Hymenoptera with particular reference to non-aculeate families (Insecta). Zoologica Scripta 24:157-177.

Basibuyuk, H. H., and D. L. J. Quicke. 1997. Hamuli in the Hymenoptera (Insecta) and their phylogenetic implications . Journal of Natural History 31:1563-1585.

Basibuyuk, H. H., D. L. J. Quicke, A. P. Rasnitsyn, and M. G. Fitton. 2000. Morphology and sensilla of the orbicula, a sclerite between the tarsal claws, in the Hymenoptera. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 93:625-636.

Beaucournu-Saguez, F., and Y. Braverman. 1987. A new species of Levitinia Chubareva and Petrova (Diptera, Simuledae) from the Golan Heights, Israel. Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparee 62:59-75.

Beck, D. E. 1933. A morphological study of the male genitalia of various genera of bees. Proceedings of the Utah Academy of Sciences 10:89-137.

Belokobylskij, S. A., and D. L. J. Quicke. 2000. Seven new genera of the subfamily Doryctinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) from the Old World. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 9:111-141.

Belokobylskij, S. A., and R. R. Kula. 2012. Review of the brachypterous, micropterous, and apterous Braconidae of the cyclostome lineage (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea) from the Palearctic Region. Zootaxa 3240:1-62.

Belokobylskij, S., R. Wharton, and J. La Salle. 2004. Australian species of the genus Opius Wesmael (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) attacking leaf-mining Agromyzidae, with the description of a new species from South-east Asia . Australian Journal of Entomology 43:138-147.

Berlese, A. 1909. Gli insetti: ioro organizzazione, sviluppo, abitudini e rapporti coll'uomo Volume primo embriologia e morphologia. Via Kramer, Milano 1044 pp.

Bertone, M. A. 2009. HAO Curator..

Betts, A. D. 1923. Practical bee anatomy.Benson. 88 pp.

Beutel, R. G., F. Friedrich, S.-Q. Ge, and X.-K. Yang. 2014. Insect morphology and phylogeny. De Gruyter, 516 pp.

Beutel, R., and E. Baum. 2008. A longstanding entomological problem finally solved? Head morphology of Nannochorista (Mecoptera, Insecta) and possible phylogenetic implications. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 46:346-367.

Beutel, R., and L. Vilhelmsen. 2007. Head anatomy of Xyelidae (Hexapoda: Hymenoptera) and phylogenetic implications. Organisms, Diversity & Evolution 7:207-230.

Bigelow, R. S. 1954. MORPHOLOGY OF THE FACE IN THE HYMENOPTERA. Canadian Journal of Zoology 32:378-392.

Bin, F. F. 1981. Defintion of female antennal clava based on its plate sensilla in Hymenoptera Scelionidae Telenominae. Redia 64:245-261.

Birket-Smith, S. J. R. 1981. The male genitalia of Hymenoptera – a review based on morphology in Dorylidae (Formicoidea) . Entomologica Scandinavica, Supplement 15:377-397.

Blaimer, B. B. 2011. Untangling complex morphological variation: taxonomic revision of the subgenus Crematogaster (Oxygyne) in Madagascar, with insight into the evolution and biogeography of this enigmatic ant clade (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Systematic Entomology.

Bohart, G. E. 1980. New Species of North American Bees of the Genus Dufourea (Hymenoptera, Halictidae) with Descriptions of Two Previously Undescribed Females .:21.

Bohart, R. M. 1987. A Key to the species of Spintharina with descriptions of new species and indication of species groups (Hymenoptera, Chrysididae) . Psyche 94:93-101.

Bohart, R. M. 1990. New species of Solierella from western North America (Hymenoptera, Sphecidae). Psyche 97:193-202.

Bohart, R. M. 1992. The genus Oxybelus in Chile (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae, Crabroninae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 1:157-163.

Bohart, R. M., and A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World, A Generic Revision. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA 695 pp.

Bohart, R. M., and D. S. Horning. 1971. California Bembicine Sand Wasps (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae). Bulletin of the California Insect Survey 13:1-49.

Bolton, B. 1990. Abdominal characters and status of the cerapachyine ants (Hymenotpera, Formicidae). Journal of Natural History 24:53-68.

Bolton, B. 1994. Identification Guide to the Ant Genera of the World. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Bolton, B., and B. Fisher. 2011. Taxonomy of Afrotropical and West Palaearctic ants of the ponerine genus Hypoponera Santschi (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 2843:1-118.

Bolton, B., and B. L. Fisher. 2008. The Afrotropical ponerine ant genus Asphinctopone Santschi (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 1827:53-61.

Bordas, L. 1893

Borden, J. H., L. Chong, and A. Rose. 1978. Morphology of the elongate placoid sensillum on the antennae of Itoplectis conquisitor. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 71:223-227.

Boring, C.A., Sharkey, M.J. and Nychka, J.A., 2009. Structure and functional morphology of the ovipositor of Homolobus truncator (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea: Braconidae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 18, pp.1-24.

Börner, C. 1919. Stammesgeschichte der Hautflügler. Biologisches Zentralblatt 39:145-186.

Boudinot , B. 2023. HAO curator..

Boudinot, B. 2021. Anatomy and evolution of the head of Dorylus helvolus (Formicidae: Dorylinae): Patterns of sex- and caste-limited traits in the sausagefly and the driver ant. Journal of Morphology.

Boudinot, B. E. 2015. Contributions to the knowledge of Formicidae (Hymenoptera, Aculeata): a new diagnosis of the family, the first global male-based key to subfamilies, and a treatment of early branching lineages. European Journal of Taxonomy 120:1-62.

Boulangé, H. 1914. L'appareil copulateur de Tenthredella temula Scop. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 1914:260-266.

Boulangé, H. 1914. Sur les appareils copulateurs de Dolerus gonager F et de Dolerus nigratus MUII [Hym Tenthredinidae]. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 1914:416-418.

Boulangé, H. 1924. Recherches sur l’appareil copulateur des Hyménoptères et spécialement des Chalastogastres. Mémoires et Travaux de la Faculté Catholique de Lille 28:1-444.

Bourguignon, T., and Y. Roisin. 2006. A new genus and three new species of termitophilous staphylinids (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) associated with Schedorhinotermes (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) in New Guinea. Sociobiology 48:1-13.

Boxshall, G. A. 2004. The evolution of Arthropod limbs. Biological Reviews 79:253-300.

Bracken, D. 1961. The external morphology of two eastern species of the genus Anoplonyx (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae), with special reference to Anoplonyx luteipes (Cresson). Canadian Entomologist 93:573-593.

Broad, G. R., M. R. Shaw, and M. G. Fitton. 2019. Ichneumonid wasps (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae): their classification and biology. Handbooks for the identification of British Insects 7:1-417.

Brock, J. 1982. A systematic study of the genus Ophion in Britain (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae). Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 125:57-97.

Brodsky, A. K. 1992. Structure, functioning and evolution of tergum in alate insects II: Peculiarities of organization of a wing-bearing tergal plate in insects of different orders. Entomological Review 71:20-28.

Brothers , D. 2012. HAO contributor..

Brothers, D. 1975. Phylogeny and classification of the aculeate Hymenoptera, with special reference to Mutillidae. Kansas University Science Bulletin 50:483-648.

Brothers, D. J. 1970. Discovery of the Mutillid Subfamily Typhoctinae in South America, with Description of a New Species (Hymenoptera). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 43:302-308.

Brothers, D. J. 1994. A New Genus and Four New Species of Mutillidae Associated with Brachyponera lutea Mayr (Formicidae) in Western Australia (Hymenop tera). Australian Journal of Entomology 33:143-152.

Brothers, D. J. 2011. A new Late Cretaceous family of Hymenoptera, and phylogeny of the Plumariidae and Chrysidoidea (Aculeata). ZooKeys 130:515-542.

Brothers, D. J., and J. M. Carpenter. 1993. Phylogeny of Aculeatea: Chrysidoidea and Vespoidea. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 2:227-302.

Brown, W. L. 1974. A remarkable new island isolate in the ant genus Proceratium (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) . Psyche 81:70-83.

Brown, W. L. 1975. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae V Ponerinae, tribes Platythyreini, Cerapachyini, Cylindromyrmecini, Acanthostichini, and Aenictogitini. 15:1-115.

Bucher, G. 1948. The anatomy of Monodontomerus dentipes Boh, an entomophagus chalcid. Canadian Journal of Research, Section D, Zoological Sciences 26:230-281.

Buffington, M. 2007. The occurence and phylogenetic implications of the ovipositor clip with the Figitidae. Journal of Natural History 41:33-36.

Buffington, M. L. 2009. Description, circumscription and phylogenetics of the new tribe Zaeucoilini (Hymenoptera: Figitidae: Eucoilinae), including a description of a new genus . Systematic Entomology 34:162-187.

Buffington, M. L., and S. J. Sheffer. 2008. North American species of Agrostocynips Diaz (Hymenoptera: Figitidae: Eucoilinae), parasitoids of Agromyzidae (Diptera): bionomics and taxonomy . Zootaxa 1817:39-48.

Buffington, M. L., and S. van Noort. 2012. Revision of the Afrotropical Oberthuerellinae (Cynipoidea: Liopteridae). Zootaxa 202:1-154.

Buffington, M., and M. Forshage. 2014. The description of Garudella Buffington and Forshage, new genus (Hymenoptera: Figitidae: Eucoilinae)..

Buffington, M., and S. van Noort. 2013. Revision of the Afrotropical Mayrellinae (Cynipoidea: Liopteridae), with the first record of Paramblynotus from Madagascar. Zootaxa in prep.

Bugnion, E. 1888. Recherches sur le développement postembryonnaire, l'anatomie et les moeurs de l'Encyrtus fuscicollis . Reçu. zool. Suisse, prem. série 5:435-534.

Bugnion, E. 1923. Les organes buccaux de la Scolie (Scolia bifasciata Rossi). Bull. Soc. Ent. Suisse 13(6): 285-313.

Bugnion, E. 1924. Le sac infrabuccal et Ie pharynx des fourmis. Soc. BioI. Compt. Rend. 91: 998-1000.

Burks, K. 2015. Dendrocerus mexicali redescription. in prep.

Burks, R. 2011. personal communication..

Burks, R. A. 2018. Curator. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.

Busck, A. 1917. The pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella. Alexandria Journal of Agricultural Research 9:343-370.

Butcher, F. G. 1964. The Florida fig wasp, Secundeisenia mexicana (Ashm), and some of its hymenopterous symbionts. The Florida Entomologist 47:235-238.

Caleca, V., and G. Mineo. 1995. On the genus Dyscritobaeus Perkins, 1995 (Hymenoptera, Proctotrupoidea: Scelionidae). Bollettino del Laboratorio di Entomologia Agraria 'Filippo Silvestri' Portici 50:9-21.

Cameron, P. 1888. Insecta Hymenoptera (Families Tenthredinidae - Chrysididae) Vol 1. Biologia Centrali Americana 33:1-487.

Cameron, P. 1897. New species of Hymenoptera from Central America. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 19:261-279.

Carayan, J. 1962. Observations sur l'appareil odorifique des Hétéroptères particulièrment celui des Tingidae, Vianaididae et Piesmatidae. Cahiers des Naturalistes 18:1-16.

Carlet, G. 1890. Mémoire sur le venin et l'aiguillon de l'Abeille. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie 9:1-17.

Carlson, S. D. 1990. STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF INSECT GLIA. Annual Review of Entomology 35:597-621.

Carpenter, J. M., and B. R. Garcete-Barrete. 2005. Revision of the genus Parazumia de Saussure (Hymenoptera: Vespidae; Eumeninae). Folia Entomologica Mexicana 44:21-34.

Carpenter, J. M., and J. M. Cumming. 1984. A character analysis of the North American potter wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae; Eumeninae). Journal of Natural History 19:877-916.

carpenter, J. M., and J. W. Wenzel. 1988. A new species and nest type of Mischocyttarus from Costa Rica (Hymenoptera: Vespidae; Polistinae), with descriptions of nests of three related species. Psyche 95:89-99.

Casteel, D. B. 1912. The behavior of the honey bee in pollen collection.:36.

Cave , R. D., and M. J. Gaylor. 1987. Antennal sensilla of male and female Telenomus reynoldsi (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae). International Journal of Insect Morphology and Embryology 16:27-39.

Chang-Ti Tang et al. (in prep) Twelve new species of Dryocosmus Giraud gallwasps from Taiwan and mainland China (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae: Cynipini)

Chapman, R. F. 1998. The insects: structure and function 4th edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, New York, Melbourne 770 pp.


Cockerell, T. 1924. Notes on the structure of Bees. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 26:77-85.

Comstock, J. H., and J. G. Needham. 1898. The Wings of Insects Chapter III (Continued). American Naturalist 32:335-340.

Copland M.J.W., P.E. King 1972. The structure of the female reproductive system in the Pteromalidae (Chalcidoidea : Hymenoptera) Entomologist (Lond.), 105 (1972), pp. 77-96

Copland, M.J.W., 1976. Female reproductive system of the Aphelinidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea). International Journal of Insect Morphology and Embryology, 5(3), pp.151-166.

Crampton, G. 1914. Notes on the thoracic sclerites of winged insects. Entomological News (Philadelphia) 25:15-25.

Crampton, G. 1914. On the misuse of the terms parapteron, hypopteron, tegula, squamula, patagium and scapula. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 22:248-261.

Crampton, G. 1923. A comparison of the labium in certain Holometabolous insects from the standpoint of phylogeny. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 25:171-180.

Crampton, G. C. 1909. A contribution to the comparative morphology of the thoracic sclerites of insects. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 61:3-54.

Crampton, G. C. 1918. The thoracic sclerites of the grasshopper Dissosteira carolina. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 11:347-366.

Crampton, G. C. 1919. The genitalia and terminal abdominal structures of males, and the terminal structures of the larvae of ‘chalastogastrous’ Hymenoptera. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 21:129-151.

Crampton, G. C. 1926. A Phylogenetic Study of the Thoracic Sclerites of the Psychodoid Diptera, with Remarks on the Interrelationships of the Nematocera. Entomological News (Philadelphia) 2:33-39.

Crampton, G. C. 1938. The interrelationships and lines of descent of living insects. Psyche 45:165-181.

Crosskey, R. W. 1951. The morphology, taxonomy, and biology of the British Evanioidea (Hymenoptera). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 102:247-301.

Crosskey, R. W. 1962. THE CLASSIFICATION OF THE GASTERUPTIIDAE (HYMENOPTERA). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 114:377-402.

Csader, M., Mayer, K., Betz, O., Fischer, S. and Eggs, B., 2021. Ovipositor of the braconid wasp Habrobracon hebetor: structural and functional aspects. Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 83, pp.73-99.

Csősz, S., and A. Schulz. 2010. A taxonomic review of the Palaearctic Tetramorium ferox species-complex (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) Zootaxa, 2401: 1-29. Zootaxa 2401:1-29.

Csősz, S., H. Wagner, M. Bozsó, B. Seifert, W. Arthofer, B. Schlick-Steiner, F. Steiner, and Z. Pénzes. 2014. Tetramorium indocile Santschi, 1927 stat rev is the proposed scientific name for Tetramorium sp C sensu Schlick-Steiner et al (2006) based on combined molecular and morphological evidence (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) Zoologischer Anzeiger 253:469-481 . Zoologischer Anzeiger 253:469-481.

Csősz, S., J. Heinze, and I. Mikó. 2015. Taxonomic Synopsis of the Ponto-Mediterranean Ants of Temnothorax nylanderi Species-Group. PLoS ONE 10:e0140000.

Curators, H. A. O. 2009. The Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology Curation Team. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.

Curators. 2010. Gibson, Vilhelmsen, Seltmann, Bertone, Yoder, Miko muscle working group..

Daly, H. 1963. Close-Packed and Fibrillar Muscles of the Hymenoptera. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 56:295-306.

Daly, H. 1964. Skeleto-muscular morphogenesis in the thorax of the Hymenoptera. International Congress of Entomology Proceedings 12:151-151.

Danforth, B. N., and C. D. Michener. 1988. Wing Folding in the Hymenoptera. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 81:342-349.

Dangerfield, P. A., A. Austin, and G. Baker. 2001. Biology, ecology and systematics of Australian Scelio, wasp parasitoids of locust and grasshopper eggs. CSIRO, Collingwood, Victoria.

Darling, D. C. 1988. Comparative morphology of the labrum in Hymenoptera, the digitate labrum of Perilampidae and Eucharitidae. Canadian Journal of Zoology 6612:2811-2835.

Deans, A. R. 2009. HAO curator..

Deans, A. R., H. H. Basibuyuk, D. Azar, and A. Nel. 2004. Descriptions of two new Early Cretaceous (Hauterivian) ensign wasp genera (Hymenoptera: Evaniidae) from Lebanese amber. Cretaceous Research 25: 509-516.

Dessart P (1966) Contribution a l'etude des Hymenopteres Proctotrupoidea. (XI) Revision des Ceraphronidae d'Afrique orientale decrits par l'Abbe Jaen-Jacques Kieffer. Bulletin de l'Institute Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique 42(19): 1-30

Dessart P (1978) Four new species of African Ceraphronidae (Hymenoptera). Journal of the Entomological Society of South Africa 41: 275-284

Dessart P (1991) Considerations sur le genre Synarsis Foerster, 1878 (Hym. Ceraphronoidea Ceraphronidae). Bulletin et Annales de la Societe Royale Belge d'Entomologie 127: 385-400.

Dessart P (1992) L’organe Waterston des Ceraphronidea (Hymenoptera Ceraphronoidea). Bulletin et Annales de la Societe Royale Belge d’Entomologie 128: 203-212.

Dessart P (1994b) Hymenoptera Ceraphronoidea nouveaux ou peu connus. Bulletin de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique Entomologie 64: 49-103.

Dessart P (1995b) Revision de deux Ceraphronoides decrits par A. A. Ogloblin (Hymenoptera). Bulletin et Annales de la Societe Royale Belge d'Entomologie 131: 295-303.

Dessart P (1996) Hymenoptera Ceraphronoidea nouveaux ou peu connus (no 2). Bulletin et Annales de la Societe Royale Belge d'Entomologie 132: 45-62.

Dessart P (2001) Les Megaspilinae ni européens, ni américains 2. Les Dendrocerus RATZEBURG, 1852, à mâles non flabellicornés (Hymenoptera Ceraphronoidea Megaspilidae). Belgian Journal of Entomology 3: 3-124.

Dessart P, Gärdenfors U (1985) Dendrocerus paradoxus n. sp. et D. ulmicola n. sp. (Hym. Ceraphronoidea Megaspilidae), deux nouveaux hyperparasites palearctiques de pucerons. Bulletin et Annales de la Societe Royale Belge d'Entomologie 121: 197-211.

Desvignes, T. 1856. Catalogue of British Ichneumonidae in the collection of the British Museum .London. 120 pp.

Dew, K. 2012. Curator. Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology.

Dewitz, H. 1875. Über Bau und Entwicklung des Stachels und der Legesheide einiger Hymenopteren und der grünen Heuschrecke. Zeitschrift für Wissenschaftliche Zoologie 25:174-200.

Dhillon, S. 1966. Morphology and Biology of Athalia proxima Klug (Tenthredinidae, Hymenoptera). Aligarh Muslim University Publications (Zoological Series) on Indian Insect Types 7:1-170.

Diller, E. H. 1980. Klärung einiger Taxa der Gattung Sussaba Cameron, 1909 (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonide, Diplazontinae). Entomofauna, Zeitschrift für Entomologie 1:58-64.

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